Jin Dynasty (1115-1234)
The Jin Dynasty was established by Wanyan Aguda of the Jurchen tribe, which fell after the last emperor of the Liao Dynasty continuously oppressed the Jurchens. On the outset of the Jin dynasty, 9 emperors helped establish a powerful dynasty for the next 120 years. In the succeeding years, the Jin armies became more powerful and dominated various northern and southern regimes to establish their new found power in the region.
With great power that they had, such boosted their confidence in trying to conquer other nearby colonies. After obviously taking control of Northern China, the Jins focused on the Southern Song. Unlike their conquest over Liao, such failed due to the resistance set by Yuefei Han Shizhong and other heroes of that time.
With the inability of the Jurchen people to conquer the Southern Song, heavy setbacks ensued. They were simply no match for the Songs. From hereon, a rivalry ensued and they had to coexist as well.
Despite the shift in dynasty, the Jurchen people were still in the stage of slavery. It was in this period as well that noticeable reforms in the administrative system of the company as well as the economic development of the country were started. At this time, the pottery and jade industry took center stage and were the forefront of the economic turnaround that people were developing.
During this age, a lot of reforms took place as well, especially in the Administration system that ran the country. Just like most countries, the people placed in power will employ measures for the better of the nation. A governing body helped conduct state affairs and various decisions concerning the country?s endeavors.
The military service of the country at this time set the tone for an improved system in handling the military issues of the country. A combination of various sectors further strengthened the defense measures of the country. This occurrence was later on carried to succeeding dynasties as a gauge of their capabilities.
It was also in this time that improvements to the governing social economy took place. Trade relationships were strengthened as well and inspired people to do their part in providing an ideal business for monetary reforms. The development of commerce was something that the people would really benefit from and this was seen in succeeding years and dynasties.
Culture and literary works were also significantly improved in this time. A number of writers and literary personalities cropped up, giving China its place in the history of world literature. Caligraphy, paintings and the arts are also traced towards China and this is evident to this day.
It was not surprising for the Jin dynasty to seek a more powerful control of the country. With the existence of other various clans, alliance was a key factor in the conquest over the nearby borders of China. However, determining and properly assessing the groups that they were to encounter needed tactical measures to ensure victory.
Such was the mistake done by the Jins when they made a wrong move in attacking their supposed allies in the Songs to battle against the Mongols. Instead, this left the Jins with another enemy to deal with, and these ultimately lead to their collapse. After 120 years of governance, the Jins had folded thanks to a tactical maneuver that was not studied well enough for their continued existence.